Program In Science, Technology, And Society
Technology Out Of Science
The new STI Outlook 2020 webpages discover how science and innovation policymaking can tackle the most important world challenges dealing with people and the planet. The term “robot” was coined by Czechoslovakian playwright Karel Capek in 1920 — “robota” being a Czech word for tedious labor — but the first actual industrial robot was built in 1954 by George Devol. Five years later, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology based its Artificial Intelligence Laboratory in a quest to mechanically mimic human minds in addition to hands. Today, robots assemble merchandise better, sooner and sometimes cheaper than handbook laborers, while more than eight million U.S. airline flights a 12 months are scheduled, guided and flown with the superhuman help of advanced software. Still, some Americans eye such techniques with the cynical view of novelist Kurt Vonnegut, whose 1952 story “Player Piano” warned that the machines might depart folks with no function — or a job.
Science Out Of Technology
The technological dependence of Arab nations has enhanced their vulnerability to outdoors interference and decreased their inside, nationwide integration. Instead, financial exchanges happen with foreign countries without involving the nationwide inhabitants. The counterpart of weak inner cohesiveness is a … Read More